Ureaplasma Urealyticum infection

Ureaplasma Urealyticum infection

  Autor NN Team Data: 05.03.2009

Ureaplasma Urealyticum infection

Ureaplasma Urealyticum is a bacterium which affects genital tract, that can go to vulvitis and vaginitis, easy diseases but which, if not treated, can cause some pretty serious complications like adnexitis, salpingitis, and pelvic abscess. These complications can mean infertility and spontaneous abortion or premature birth for pregnant women. Also, Ureaplasma can infect inferior urinary areas (uretritis) and superior (kidney stones).

Vaginal infection is manifested with discharges, itches and irritations of the intimate area. Diagnosis can be established only after secretion examination, and the most appropriate treatment is established after sensitivity test.

Ideally, Ureaplasma infection must be treated before pregnancy in order to prevent the eventual complications. Some strains got resistant to usual antibiotics and treatment can be rather tough.

Among the pregnant women with vaginal bleedings, 82% are infected with Ureaplasma. Besides the fact that they cause bleedings, bacteria is transmitted to fetus through placenta, going to corioamniotitis and spontaneous abortion, premature birth and neonatal infections.

Premature new born babies are more exposed to risks than the ones in term, because they can develop pneumonia, meningitis and septicemia. We don't know yet if all infected mothers transmit this bacterium to fetus. Also, we don't know if Ureaplasma can cause by itself spontaneous abortion and premature labor because usually it was found in pregnant women's body together with other dangerous bacteria.

Though, it was noticed that prenatal antibiotic treatments reduces with 50% the risk of premature labor and, implicit, of premature birth.

Any treatment you try is useless if your partner doesn't get too. He can be infected even if he doesn't show symptoms, because for men, manifestations are less visible. Though, this doesn't mean that bacterium is not dangerous for them too. It produces uretritis, prostatitis and urinary infections, and one of the complications could be infertility, because of the capacity of this bacterium of stopping spermatozoids migration.

Bacterium transmission is made sexually and, rarely, nocosomial (from hospital) and it is favored of factors which destruct normal vaginal flora. Sexual relations with various partners, the existence of intrauterine device, vaginal washing prepare the field for Ureaplasma infection.

Read the English version of this article: Ureaplasma Urealyticum infection