Feeding Your Toddler aged 1 to 3 Years

Feeding Your Toddler aged 1 to 3 Years

  Autor dr. Molfea Camelia Data: 13.12.2005

Feeding Your Toddler aged 1 to 3 Years
After reaching the age of 1 year, the child develops qualitatively. His ability to communicate verbally with family members begin to form, the child investigates freely on his own feet the 'environment', the digestion and metabolic processes improve, teeth are completed up to two years. 

At this age, eating habits are fixed for life, which is very important for later health. Parents need to enforce their children the appropriate and healthy eating habits. 

These are:
  • providing a schedule of lunches; 
  • interruption of bottle for liquid food intake; 
  • Avoiding sweet drinks before bedtime (they favor tooth decay); 
  • avoiding fluid intake between meals (which decreases appetite); 
  • avoiding excessive consumption of concentrated sweets between meals, they also decrease appetite; they should be used once or twice a day at the end of meals; 
  • Avoiding forcing the child to eat; 
  • Avoiding maneuvers to stimulate food acceptance by providing entertainment during the meal (this can lead to neurotic behavior towards food).
Children will be allowed to select their food, but with great care to ensure a balanced diet. If your child refuses a food nutritionally important, try to administer it in a modified form. 

The child will consume 400-500 ml milk daily, one egg every 2-3 days, 30-40g poultry meat, veal or fish 3-4 times a week.

Egg is a complete food with high caloric value. Use chicken egg; duck egg should be avoided because of food poisoning that can occur. The whole egg with egg white is given to the child after the age of one year and a half. Egg whites can cause some children hives, swelling and even digestive disorders. Fried eggs (omelet, scrambled, fat burners) are not suitable for young children. 

Meat is a staple food in the diets of children by the content of amino acids necessary to the body. Use chicken, veal and beef meat well cooked and finely chopped. Beef, lamb, venison and pork meat is hard to digest for children through the increased gelatin and fat content. 
  • White meat (poultry, fish) is more digestible than red meat, with a lower content of connective tissue. Chicken breast patties can be used in child nutrition. 
  • liver, kidney, heart and even brain (given after the age of two years old) have a high content of vitamins (A, B2, PP) and minerals (Fe, Ca, etc.). 
  • Fats will be given in the form of: butter, cream, cream, oil. Bacon, lard and tallow are prohibited at this age. 
  • Sausages are hard to digest, too spicy, slightly spoiled and are prohibited to toddlers. 
  • Ham can be used in children over 1 year and 6 months ?2 years. 
  • Vegetables and herbs used in young children (1-3 years) are: potatoes, root vegetables, green beans, cauliflower, zucchini, spinach, tomatoes and peppers. 
By the age of 2 years pulses will not be given (beans, peas, lentils). Garlic, onions and other spices are not recommended for feeding small children, it is preferable to use fresh vegetables, and less in the canned form. 

Pasta given to toddlers will consist of: bread, polenta, rice, pasta, cookies cooked at home. They will be given fruits daily, preferably raw as well as the juice or compotes. 

After 1 year of age, the child will be taught to eat alone. Around 15 months, the child begins to use the spoon with partial success, he can hold a cup in hand and when the drinks to raise the cup to the head rather than moving down his head and he gets dirty. Parents need to accept these imperfections and encourage child's learning by auto feeding. Not rarely, 'spared' over protected children require the administration of food by a person up to the school age. 

But if training possibility is offered, around the age of 2 years the child will eat alone correctly or nearly correctly. The child at the age of 1-3 years will have three main meals and 1-2 snacks per day. 

The consequences of unbalanced nutrition or inadequate techniques are:
  • Hypochromic anemia in children fed mainly with milk and dairy products with flour; 
  • tooth decay, caused by the 'bottle', in those who continue to use a bottle or drink sweet liquids before bedtime; 
  • Neurogenic anorexia that occurs in children fed in a stressful environment; 
  • Obesity with excess of calories (flour); 
  • Intestinal parasites, more common in children fed unhygienic or who are allowed to 'peck' during the day with dirty hands. 

Read the English version of this article: Feeding Your Toddler aged 1 to 3 Years