Pertussis

Pertussis

  Autor Dana Varvaruc Data: 14.12.2005

Pertussis

It occurs quite rarely in any little child, newborn or infant nowadays. There is no maternal protection, therefore the infection occurs in newborns and infants. Nowadays, the pertussis can be prevented with vaccination. It usually occurs in the autumn and spring. This is transmitted through airways. The degree of responsiveness exists in little children, rarely in school children and very rarely in adults. The males are more frequently affected than females but with milder forms in boys and men.

The incubation period is from 7 to 14 days (21 the most). The bronchitis occurs at first, and then the pneumonia. It starts with cough, fever possibly until the cough causes vomiting and becomes more frequent during the night. If not treated, the cough may lead to complications such as:

  • pneumothorax with subcutaneous emphysema
  • umbilical hernia
  • rectal prolapse
  • encephalon hemorrhage - encephalopathy is caused by bacteria too and is very severe (same as measles).

Encephalopathy occurs more frequently in immunosuppresive people because the cells immunity is very important although we deal with a bacteria.

Treatment:

  • permanent supervision
    amoxicillin injection is the child vomits
    the disease shortens if you administer antibiotics. The alimentation must be liquid, rich in proteins.
    The vaccination is the first prevention measure.

DON"T FORGET TO SEE THE DOCTOR!





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