Acute Rhynopharingytis

Acute Rhynopharingytis

  Autor NN Team Data: 24.09.2009

Acute Rhynopharingytis
Acute rhynopharyngitis is an infection of the upper respiratory system, the nose and the pharynx. Most often, the infection is viral, and the most frequent viruses are the cold-like viruses. Therefore, the rhynopharyngitis is just a common cold or the coryza, despite the complicated name. 

This is the most frequent viral infection at people, and, although there is no treatment, the disease is severe in few cases. At children, the disease is the most frequent infection of the upper respiratory tract and most children have about 4-6 episodes per year. The viruses that infect the respiratory tract (rhinoviruses, coronaviruses) are transmitted through air, through drops of saliva coming from infected 
people or through direct contact between an "infected" hand and nose or mouth. The diseases is very easily transmitted in communities (kindergarten, nursery, school), and once brought home, it might spread to the entire family, so be careful with the newborns, pregnant women or people with weak immunity if you have them in your family. 
Sometimes, the rhynopharyngitis might complicate as the infections reaches the upper airways (sinusitis, otitis) or the lower ones (bronchitis, pneumonia). But generally, this is a mild disease that cures fast and is manifested through: 
  • fever 
  • dry cough 
  • sneezing 
  • runny nose and nasal congestion (stuffy nose) 
  • lack of appetite 
  • general discomfort 
The treatment is symptomatic - antipyretics for fever, painkillers, nasal spray for an easier breathing. Therefore, the treatment is not necessary and doesn't cure it faster. It is meant to reduce the discomfort of the child during the disease. There might be used medication based on ibuprofen and paracetamol. Warm baths may reduce the muscle pains, a few minutes in the steamy bathroom may ease the breathing and a warm chicken soup calms the sore throat. Many fluids served at room temperature are necessary. Aspirin is prohibited for children. Children and teenagers with viral infections, who take aspirin, may develop the Reye syndrome, a very rare but dangerous disease. Also, the antibiotics are prohibited. This medication is meant to destroy the bacteria in the body, and as rhynopharyngitis is caused by a virus in most cases, any antibiotic is useless. This cannot kill the virus. On the contrary, the antibiotic kills the "good" bacteria in the body and turns the bacterial balance completely upside down. Therefore, the child can develop a candidacies diarrhea and other complications. Not to mention that the antibiotics lead to resistance in time, and the medicine won't be effective when they will be really necessary. 
Therefore, the antibiotics do more harm than good and must not be given without seeing the doctor. He might prescribe them in case a bacterial super infection occurred following a viral one (otitis, sinusitis, pneumonia). 



Read the English version of this article: Acute Rhynopharingytis