The Importance of Vaccines

The Importance of Vaccines

  Autor Medic Pediatru Iulia Tincu Data: 03.06.2010

The Importance of Vaccines
Vaccines are responsible for immunization against various infectious diseases. Without immunization, children need contact with the disease to develop defence, but the devastating consequences here may arise. Most developed countries vaccinate children from birth to protect against pathogens commonly involved in childhood diseases. 

Civic spirit imposes complete vaccination before entering the community to prevent the transmission of dangerous diseases around. There is much discussion for and against the action of vaccination. But 
parents need to understand the importance of immunization. Just like some diseases have become rare, far less severe or even disappeared. Vaccines do not give protection only to children but also to future generations. Smallpox is not present anymore nowadays and no longer requires immunization attributable to our forefathers who have eradicated the disease by vaccination. 
In terms of vaccines given to children certain myths are orally transmitted. Here are some of them: 

Child immunizations cause autism. There is no evidence that any vaccine could cause this condition even more because autism has a genetic component in its aetiology. 
Adverse effects of vaccines are devastating. Although any vaccine can cause side effects, major accidents are rare. Each child undergoes a medical examination before vaccination, and it is contraindicated during an acute affection. 
Children are immunized too early. Not at all true; the administration of serum is necessary to avoid contact with a number of dangerous diseases at an early age. 
Dose delay brings preventive effect. In reality it is well to time the vaccination if health does not allow it. 

In Romania, the infant is vaccinated since maternity against two diseases: hepatitis B and tuberculosis (the latter being temporarily stopped due to lack manufacturing of BCG vaccine). Subsequent doses are administered by the family doctor or paediatrician. It will follow a schedule established by the experts of the Ministry of Health. 

  • At 2 months he is vaccinated against DTPa (diphtheria, tetanus, and acellular pertussis), IPV (injectable polio vaccine) and AHB (hepatitis B). 
  • At 4 months he is vaccinated against DTPa and IPV. 
  • At 6 he is vaccinated against DTPa, IPV and AHB. 
  • At 1 year he is vaccinated against DTPa and IPV. At the age of one year the first dose of MMR is done (for *measles, mumps and rubella*). 
  • At 4 years should be vaccinated against DTPa (diphtheria, tetanus, acellular pertussis). It will continue with booster every 10 years with dT starting at the age 14 years. 
  • At 7 years should be vaccinated against OPV 
  • At 9 years MMR booster is achieved 
  • 14 years: DT and anti rubella 
Besides those mentioned above, parents can call to an alternative schedule that brings the dreaded immunizations against diseases. We mention here the vaccinations: antiRotavirus, pneumococcal, antimeningococcal, anti varicella, anti papillomavirus, anti Haemophilus influentzae. Talk to your child's doctor about the importance and need for additional vaccines, and once you have made a choice follow complete schedule for best results. 



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