Stages in the Development of Toddlers

Stages in the Development of Toddlers

  Autor NN Team Data: 14.04.2005

Stages in the Development of Toddlers

The toddler needs the care and support of adults. All the needs of the child are met in simultaneity, hierarchy and the omission of a need unstructure and hijack the proper development.

The first three years of life are defining for the further the individual's existence. Child care is done in order to obtain self-esteem and also evolves the relationship with the adult. The most intense emotions, feelings are lived in this time period when the child's tools and skills to handle them are not yet complied. Brazelton said the child's personality gets stronger as he learns about the world around exploring, communicating and thus developing the respect for others and self, the risk taking in knowledge, self intentionality and control.

Development principles

1. The toddler needs to be respected
Through the growth and development, children know the world through their senses and body. Ambient repeated exploration, information integration are done in time, the respect for the child is objectified during that time give to each child to integrate textures, tastes, smells, sounds and building guide marks. Guide marks that are structuring the meaning of the individual as existence.
2. The development is unified
Any act of the child includes knowing, adapting to the situation, communication, emotion, motor reaction. The areas of development are teaching tools and not real actions. E.g.: When your child says 'Bye'! this implies movement, coordination, cognitive, emotional and social imitation.
3. The development subsequent changes are complex and may be difficult to observe or even inconspicuous. It is wise to check in time the evolution of the child.
4. The development is reciprocal, changes from a domain influence all other
A motor acquisition leads to cognitive accumulations accompanied by feelings that can develop or block the acquisition. See the example of mobilizing the first steps, the access to a large space with new elements, new risks, findings not found by then in interaction with the environment.
5. Variation is a criterion of development
Some children walk early and communicate verbally then, and vice versa. The development is an individual process.
6. The development is a dynamic process that alternates
The acquisitions from a certain range take organizational time. The duration of organization and structure is made through some regressions which lead to transient disturbances. The identification of persons known from the foreign ones is manifested by anxiety to the unknown. (The maximum age of anxiety described by R. Spitz at 8 months), is an outstanding example.
7. The development is done mainly in social context
Child's interaction with the adult which takes care of it is shaped in the relationship of Attachment. John Bowlby describes the attachment relationship and its processuality as the separation that could be considered the opposite process, these being reciprocal and the second cannot be achieved without the first. Both are constructive for the developing of the individual and devastating in the psychological structure by their absence. If Bowlby described the attachment relationship in ?, the block ? mother-child, Traverthen Colwyn and Martin Richards describe the achievement of the attachment in the case of the existence of more people who provide child care, on condition of the consistency and constancy of these persons who interact daily, that means maintain the same style of care sensitive to child reactions.

Family reactions

  • The initially attachment between child and parents. Relationships are cemented or destroyed in childhood (Bettelheim 1969). Researches in the early attachment behaviour underline the importance of mutual interactive experiences, mutual at early ages for both the child and mother and a critical period for establishing the mother-child attachment have been demonstrated (Goldberg 1977) Recent researches on the syndrome of growth failure, abuse, multiple accidents have suggested that this occurs in the context of failure in the attachment relationship between mother and child. The excitement and care generated during pregnancy serve to energize the perspective of the mother and father to adapt in what regards the new born to come. The energy for each child attachment as individual is sustained during pregnancy.
  • Total family relationship is complex It is known that the relationship of maternal care increases children's intellectual operational potentiality, as a feature called pre-adapted through explorations and experiences, through an increased awareness to the unknown, reducing the risk of mental retardation. They do seem to be a direct correlation between children's cognitive ability and the strength of attachment in terms of their ability, to relate to objects, to process information on what is around them and to learn.
  • The father is important as a model to master the aggressions, fears and play. It is needed to know more about the role of the father and grandparents in toddler's development. It should be taken into account the role in every stage of child development, their share in structuring the child experiences. All these relationships form a matrix by means of which the child integrates what is around it. All in-depth knowledge will support the framework that produces the health of development and will select what is to be removed.

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