Pertussis (Whooping Cough)

Pertussis (Whooping Cough)

  Autor Dana Varvaruc Data: 14.12.2005

Pertussis (Whooping Cough)
Today is rarely encountered in toddlers, newborns and infants.

There is no maternal protection that is why the infection occurs in newborns and infants. Today this whooping cough can be prevented by vaccination. It usually occurs in autumn and spring. 

It is transmitted by air. It has a degree of responsiveness to all ages, rarely in pupils and very rarely in adults. Males are most commonly affected but it presents easier forms in the case of boys or men... 

The incubation period is 7 to 14 days (max. 21). At first it may form bronchitis to pneumonia. It starts coughing, possibly without fever until the cough becomes more emetizing and frequent at night. Untreated it may give rise to the following complications: 
  • Pneumothorax with subcutaneous emphysema
  • Umbilical hernia 
  • Rectal prolapse 
  • Micro hemorrhage in encephalon - encephalitis can be given by bacteria also; it is in the period of state and is very severe (like measles). 
Encephalitis occurs more frequently in immunosuppressive because cellular immunity is very important although we are dealing with a bacterium. 

Treatment:
  • Permanent monitoring 
  • If vomiting it is administered injectable amoxicillin 
  • Antibiotics shorten the disease. Nurture must be liquid, rich in protein. 
  • As a first prophylactic step vaccine is administered. 

DO NOT FORGET TO GO TO THE DOCTOR!



Read the English version of this article: Pertussis (Whooping Cough)